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What is Anxiety Disorder?

Stress can come from any situation or thought that makes you feel frustrated, angry, or anxious. What is stressful to one person is not necessarily stressful to another.

Anxiety is a feeling of apprehension or fear. The source of this uneasiness is not always known or recognized, which can add to the distress you feel.

Types of Anxiety Disorders?

There are several recognized types of anxiety disorders, including:

  • Panic disorder
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
  • Social anxiety disorder
  • Specific phobias
  • Generalized anxiety disorder

Signs and Symptoms of Anxiety

In addition to the primary symptoms of irrational and excessive fear and worry, other common emotional symptoms of anxiety include:

  • Feelings of apprehension or dread
  • Trouble concentrating
  • Feeling tense and jumpy
  • Anticipating the worst
  • Irritability
  • Restlessness
  • Watching for signs of danger
  • Feeling like your mindís gone blank

Causes, incidence, and risk factors of Anxiety

Anxiety Attack

There are more than one reasons why patients develop Anxiety disorders.Researchers and scientists are trying to find out more about the biological, psychological, and social factors which influence the development of anxiety disorders as there is still a lot more to learn about the role of these. The following are all believed to play a role in the occurrence of anxiety disorders:

  • Genetics and heredity
  • Chemical imbalances in the brain
  • Personality types
  • Social factors
  • Medical conditions
  • Drugs and other substances

Treatment for Anxiety

Any person may get anxiety and one of the main reasons for the same is stress. Before deciding the Anxiety treatment the cause for it must be analyzed. There are many causes of anxiety but it is believed that it is mainly triggered by anxiousness.

Anxiety may be due to stress at workplace, worry, over load of work. In order to decide the treatment of anxiety the main causes that make one to worry must be identified. As the first step a person with anxiety must try to relax and balance the condition.

The anti –anxiety and anti- depressant medications can be taken like Benzodiazepines. This medication will help in relieving the anxiety attack to a large extent. But the effect of such medications is only a temporary and the main cause must be found and treated accordingly.

Complications of Anxiety

All types of anxiety disorders can be very debilitating and seriously affect a person's quality of life.

Prevention of Anxiety

A healthy lifestyle that includes exercise, adequate rest and good nutrition can help to reduce the impact of anxiety attacks. Rhythmic aerobic and yoga exercise programs lasting for more than 15 weeks have been found to help reduce anxiety. Strength training alone, however, does not seem to help anxiety.

To prevent your normal anxious feelings from going too far, try to:

  • identify situations that make you anxious, consider actions that will lessen the threat, and try them out (for example, attend childbirth preparation classes to deal with the stress of labor and delivery; eliminate or reduce caffeine intake if nervousness alone is the problem)
  • avoid potentially dangerous ways of coping with anxiety-smoking, alcohol, drug dependence, or abnormal eating patterns
  • express your feelings to someone you trust and can talk with comfortably; this unburdening of feelings often leads to a relief of anxious feelings
  • try relaxation techniques or meditation-yoga or stress reduction classes, for example
  • try jogging, swimming or any aerobic exercise
  • if you regularly feel anxious prior to your monthly period, reduce dietary salt to lessen this and other symptoms of premenstrual syndrome
  • avoid unnecessary stress by eliminating as many nonessential activities as possible from your daily routine
  • if your anxiety persists or becomes chronic, seek out a competent mental health professional; you can ask for help or a referral from your primary health care professional, a community mental health center, a mental health association or your local health department

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