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Top 5 Low Back Pain Causes

If you want to prevent low back pain or if you already suffer from it, you need to understand what causes it. Here are the five most common low back pain causes:

1. Overuse, Strain or Injury

Low back pain is often caused by overuse, strain or injury. For instance, people often hurt their backs performing common activities such as pushing, pulling and lifting things, bending over a workbench, cleaning out the garage, or working in the garden or yard. People who sit for extended periods of time, especially in the same position, often develop low back pain. Sports, accidents and falls are also frequent causes of low back pain.

2. Medical Conditions

Many medical conditions can cause or contribute to lower back pain. These include spinal deformities, such as scoliosis (which causes curvature of the spine), kyphosis (Scheuermann's disease) and spondylolisthesis, various forms of arthritis, including osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis, osteoporosis and spinal stenosis (a narrowing of the spinal column that puts pressure on the spinal cord and nerves).

Other medical conditions that can cause or contribute to lower back pain include pregnancy, kidney stones, infections, tumors and fibromyalgia (which causes fatigue and widespread muscle pain).

3. Age

As you age, the discs between the vertebrae of your spine, which act as shock absorbers and allow your back to move, deteriorate and provide less cushioning, and this often leads to lower back pain. Your bones and muscles also tend to lose strength as you age, which increases the risk for the types of injuries that can cause lower back pain.

4. Emotional Stress

Although the causes of low back pain are usually physical, emotional stress can play a role in how severe low back pain is and how long it lasts. Stress can affect your body in many ways, including causing your back muscles to become tense and painful.

5. Tight, Stiff Muscles

Tight, stiff muscles in the lower back, hamstrings, buttocks and hips are a common cause of low back pain.

Tight, stiff muscles lead to postural imbalances, which result in low back pain. For example, tight, stiff hamstrings tend to pull on the pelvis, as the top of the hamstrings is attached to the pelvis, and this causes a rounding of the lower back. Over time, this postural imbalance will lead to low back pain.

Tight, stiff muscles is one of the low back pain causes that's most easy to alleviate. Following a regular stretching routine is all that's needed. But you need to be aware that some stretches, such as the standing toe touch, can actually worsen low back pain. Make sure that before you start any stretching routine, you learn how to stretch properly and safely and learn what stretches will be most appropriate for your specific needs.

Author Resource:->

The Stretching Handbook is one of the best stretching resources available. It shows you how to quickly and easily develop a safe and effective stretching routine. Find out more about The Stretching Handbook by visiting

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